The importance of learning arabic phonetics
Linguistic phonetics in general and in Arabic in particular are the first building block in the formation of the linguistic structure of any student, Since the sound (the pronunciation of the letter) is the first thing that meets the non-speaking Arabic learner, it is the first simple educational process that the student encounters when studying the Arabic language.
It is a process, although it is easy in its essence, but it is of great importance, especially for children, as it is the building unit of the first language and the first oral expression of the language in general.
The pronunciation of letters varies from one student to another.
There is a student who can understand and pronounce the Arabic letters with the utmost ease, and this is due to several factors, the most important of which is the influence of the student’s mother tongue in the Arabic language.
Thus, the student can master the pronunciation of Arabic sounds without hindrance, especially the letters, which represent a prominent obstacle for most non-native Arabic students.
(ء-ه-ح-خ-ع-غ) The pronunciation of these letters requires continuous and serious training, especially if the student has a native language that is not affected by the Arabic language.
But if the first language of the student is affected by the Arabic language in the first place, the matter seems to be easier for the student and the teacher, as the matter does not require much effort.
As for non-native Arabic students whose first language has not been affected by the Arabic language, even in the narrowest of limits, they need methodological training that is not simple, as they find it very difficult to pronounce the sounds of the Arabic language correctly, especially the letters that come out of the throat that we mentioned, so it takes a longer time, effort, and an approach that is prepared Specialized for this type of student.
We should not miss to clarify that the beginning of pronouncing the sounds is one of the methods of learning the Arabic language for non-native speakers called the partial method.
As the student begins to learn sounds, then similar sounds, then differentiate between them, then learn vocabulary and the difference between them in meaning, then simple sentences, then more complex sentences, and so on.
The partial method, despite its importance and simplicity, requires the learner to be patient so that he can find the fruit of his learning over time, so that he can construct sentences and communicate with others correctly.
Also, it is worth mentioning that the teacher should bring up the learner’s first language when teaching the sounds of the Arabic language to non-native speakers, and he must compare the sounds between the two languages to teach the correct and direct approach to indoctrination and training the student correctly.
For example, we want to train the student on the letter (ظ)(Zaa) We have to search in his mother tongue for the closest letter similar to this letter in the Arabic language and refer to it when the student first finds it difficult to pronounce the Arabic letter correctly.
Bringing the sounds of the mother tongue saves time and effort for the student and teacher alike to facilitate the idea and train it.
What makes it easier for a non-native speaker student of Arabic when learning Arabic sounds is that the teacher does not burden him with training and that he tends to facilitate and ease the student, so that he does not teach him more than one letter at a time, and the teacher should not move to learning another sound unless the student has mastered the pronunciation of the first letter and the distinction Between it and similar sounds in the same language.
For example, the teacher teaches the letter (ص)(Saad)
the teacher should not move to teach the student another sound until he masters the pronunciation of the letter “Saad” and practicing the words that contain the letter “Saad” in its different cases with the fatha, the damma, the kasra and the sukoon, and even the comparison between the letter “Sa” and other letters similar to it like the letter (س) (Sein)
Mastering the pronunciation of Arabic sounds is the first way to master the Arabic language and accordingly
The interest of the student or teacher in the pronunciation of sounds is not a matter of linguistic luxury, but rather it is one of the foundations of learning the Arabic language.
We cannot describe a person as being proficient in the Arabic language, especially non-native speakers, unless this person has mastered the correct pronunciation of Arabic sounds in all cases.
Therefore, any Arab person can realize that the person in front of him is not proficient in Arabic by only pronouncing the sounds first.
In conclusion, learning the pronunciation of sounds is the cornerstone of learning languages in general and the Arabic language in particular.
As the origin of languages is pronunciation and speech so that the Arabic language is a language of communication between millions around the world in a clear way.